Here are some math routines that can be used as you are waiting for students to arrive, during transition times when
you need a quick filler, or just as a warm-up to get students ready to learn.
Saying Number Word Sequences (Rote counting) – This may include counting by 1’s, skip counting, counting by
fractional amounts or decimals. (Don’t forget counting by 10’s off the decade – 4, 14, 24, 34…)
- Practice forward and backward counting – choose the range and direction depending on student needs
- Practice Number Word After and/or Number Word Before
- Alternate counting – the teacher and student(s) take turns saying 1,2, or 3 numbers in a forward or backward sequence.
Subitizing (the ability to group and quantify sets). Depending on the needs and abilities of your students, you can quickly show (flash) :
- Regular and irregular dot patterns
- You can also describe the 5-, 10-, 20-frames. For example, “I’m looking at a 10 frame that has 5 dots on top and 3 dots on the bottom. How many dots altogether? How many empty spaces are there?”
Number of the Day
There are several “Number of the Day” worksheets available on the internet but this activity can be adapted to fit the needs of your students and the amount of time you have available. Pick and number (or have students select a card from a deck of numeral cards) and ask one or more of the following questions.
- What is the number before?
- What is the number after?
- What number is one more?
- What number is one less?
- What number is ten more?
- What number is ten less?
- What is the next even number?
- What is the next odd number?
- What is the double?
- What is two more?
- What is two less?
- What is 100 more?
Many students learn best when they can be active. Here are some math activities developed for Math and Movement.
Numeral Recognition– Put numerals on one end of the room. Students run (walk, hop, crawl, etc.) and pick up the number you say. You could also have them pick up a number and then write the numeral on the board. Put large numerals on the floor and have students stand on the numeral you say. Musical numerals – put numerals in a circle on the floor or on chairs when the music stops, students say the numeral they are standing or sitting on.
Number Word Sequences – Walk forward and backward saying Forward and Backward Number Word Sequences. Jumping or rolling a ball and saying Forward and Backward Number Word Sequences. Row your boat – holding hands and pulling back and forth while saying the Number Word Sequences.
Number Word Before/Number Word After – have a number sequence on one end of the room. Have students move to the sequence and touch the number before or after the number you say.
Counting – Show students a number and then have them go pick up that many items. You might give them a little pail if they need to pick up several items. You can put containers around the room with numerals on them. Students need to put the correct number of items in each bag. Bouncing a ball – bounce and count the bounces.
Structuring – Put dice pattern cards on one end of the room. The child moves to the cards and picks up the quantity you say. You can also do this with 5- or 10-Frames.
I’m certainly not an expert on apps but I do have a few free apps to recommend because they are FREE and give students visual models.
A Geoboard App – http://catalog.mathlearningcenter.org/apps/geoboard
A Number Rack (Rekenrek) App http://catalog.mathlearningcenter.org/apps/number-rack
Math Tappers Multiply – http://www.appsmitten.com/math-tappers-multiply/
Math Tappers Find the Sum – http://blogs.henrico.k12.va.us/apps/2011/08/17/math-tappers-find-sums/
KenKen is a great way for students and teachers to practice computation skills. You can learn more about KenKen at this website http://www.kenken.com/. You will find some interactive KenKen puzzles, a video to learn how to complete the puzzles, and teachers can sign up to receive new KenKen puzzles each week.
You can also get 4 interactive KenKen puzzles each day at this site http://illuminations.nctm.org/ActivityDetail.aspx?ID=189