Are you fluent in a second (or third) language?  What does it mean to be fluent speaking a language?  Is it just saying words quickly?  To be fluent in a language, you need to understand the structure of the language and meaning of the words.  You also need to be able to speak with expression and choose just the right word, depending on the context and your audience, to convey your meaning.  
     The same is true of math fluency.  It’s much more than being able to add, subtract, multiply, and divide quickly.  To be truly fluent in math, you need to understand how numbers are related to each other  and you need to be flexible in choosing a strategy, depending on the numbers you are working with.  
     A recent article in Teaching Children Mathematics suggests three types of learning experiences that will help students become fluent with numbers.  The first learning experience is Number of the Day  also known as Today’s Number.  This activity can be done as a class; using a poster, bulletin board or SmartBoard, or students can be giving individual sheets to complete. This is a great activity to include in your daily routine.  It is easy to differentiate by giving different numbers to different students or using the same number for the class and having each person do something different with the number.  Check out the following links for pictures of Number of the Day Charts.
 These might give you some ideas for Number of the Day activities you can do to meet the specific needs of your students.



Minnesota Academic Standards for Mathematics

Minnesota does not use the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics.  The Minnesota Academic Standards for Mathematics are attached to this post.  2007_Standards_by_topic

This document is helpful for seeing how skills and concepts develop through the grades. If a child is not achieving a grade level standard, this document can help you determine the prerequisite skills and understandings that need to be acquired.

Another resource that will be helpful in learning more about the Minnesota Academic Standards for Mathematics, is  http://scimathmn.org/stemtc/frameworks

For a very quick tour (1 minute, 15 seconds) of the site, watch this video  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BO38NHkUUXo

Getting to Know You

At the start of a new school year, it’s exciting to learn about your students. For math instruction, we want to know about their math skills and understanding, their attitudes about math, and general information about the student. The more you know about your students, the easier it will be to make math meaningful for them.
Here are some questions you can ask as a writing task or as part of a conversation:

The following questions are adapted from How to Differentiate Your Math Instruction: Lessons, Ideas, and Videos with Common Core Support, Grades K-5, by Linda Dacey, Jayne Bamford Lynch,and Rebeka Eston Salemi:
– If you could learn anything in school, what would you choose?
– What do you know a lot about?
– How do you work best in school? ____alone____partner____small group___large group
– What helps you learn?
– What makes it hard for you to learn?
– Math is important to learn because…
– When I am learning math, I feel…
– One thing I am good at in math is…
– One thing I am not good at yet in math is…

For a fun activity for your students that gets everyone doing some math and getting to know more about each other, check out this link